If students have to read something as well as look at a Malaysia Phone Number moving image. Their attention is divide and they are force to work harder. Which ultimately does not benefit learning. So if the focus is on the screen in terms of visual information (video or graphic elements). It is a good idea to use a voice over instead of written text. 2. The Redundancy Principle According Malaysia Phone Number to the redundancy principle. It does not work well to have the voice-over verbalize the text, in other words: literally pronounce the text that can also be read. This would actually diminish a learner’s Malaysia Phone Number ability to take in everything. So if you want to use the written and spoken word on the screen at the same time, you need a good reason.
Expectations Are for Malaysia Phone Number
It can work if you need to put extra emphasis on Malaysia Phone Number something. But stick to a short text. If the e-learning contains a lot of text that really needs to be read, try to summarize it in bullet points or summaries, and then let the voice-over provide Malaysia Phone Number an overview. 3. The contiguity principle The point here is that you have to hear the voice-over at the same time as the image. The narrator or voiceover describes a procedure while the video shows its Malaysia Phone Number demonstration. So not after or before, because that only creates an extra load on the working memory. It sounds logical and simple, but it is important to keep in mind.
The Coming Year Malaysia Phone Number
Create peace of mind to process information Malaysia Phone Number Finally, I would like to point out the importance of creating tranquility. I am often ask how long it takes to record a text. The short answer to that is that 100 to 150 words take about a minute to Malaysia Phone Number read aloud. But also take into account space for silence. Within an e-learning environment, students are ask to absorb a lot of information. With a good voice-over enough peace is create, so that Malaysia Phone Number the student has enough space to process the information and to absorb it better. Therefore, pay enough attention to recording and adding the voice-over to your e-learning.